Beef Cuts Explained: Your Ultimate Guide To Different Cuts of Beef

A cow is broken down into what are called primal cuts, the main areas of the animal which include the Loin, Rib, Round, Flank, Chuck, Sirloin, Brisket and more.

These primal cuts are then broken down into sub-primal cuts, including specific steaks and chops: flank steak, flat iron steak, filet mignon, rib eye.

Below are the various cuts:

Loin, short loin, strip loin cuts

These are usually leaner cuts of beef, best grilled or fried and work better with high heat. It's the T Bone and Porterhouse Steaks, the Tenderloins, cuts of meat that respond better to dry heat cooking.

Sirloin cuts

Filet Mignon, Bavette, Tri-Tips, Strip Steak and Roasts - coming from the rear of the animal, these are also leaner cuts, certainly not the best beef choice f you want to slow cook. The Sirloin family is best for grilling, skillet and stir-fry with high, dry heats.

Rib cuts

Ribeye Filet, Ribeye Cap, Ribeye Steak. These cuts are getting fattier, meaning some of them are better for slow cooking and roasting. Not all the cuts in the rib family work well with slow cooking methods: Ribeye Steak, for example, will always kick better grilled or fried in a skillet.

Chuck cuts

Blade, Chuck Eye, Country-Style Ribs, this is where the slow goodness starts to come to play with some good cuts for pot roasts. Don't get us wrong, you'll also find lots of chuck cuts are good for grilling: Top Blade, Ranch Steak, Shoulder Steak. If you only understand one section, Chuck is the one as there's a cut for every style of cooking.

Brisket cuts

You can't really go wrong with brisket, whether you choose Flat or Point cut - they both want to be slow cooked. For us, Brisket Point works better than Brisket Flat, the flat cut is a bit leaner. Just be careful when slow cooking brisket, it's a forgiving cut but the margin between delicious juicy and chewy dry is small.

Round cuts

Coming from the back legs of the cow, this is a part of the animal that usually provides leaner cuts of beef so you need to know your business at this end. Top, Bottom and Eye Round will go well at high heats, the Bottom, Rump and Eye Roast are best for slow cooking and, you guessed it, oven roasted.

Plate & flank cuts

Skirt, Flank, Short Ribs: only the short ribs should be slow-cooked over here, the flank and skirt steak will do you best grilled or fried.

Other cuts

Beef cuts come in all shapes, sizes, textures and tastes. 'Other' covers anything that doesn't fall into the rest of the main families. You have Stewing Steak, Burgers, Corned Beef, Minced and Ground Beef in this category. Shanks, which come from the legs of the cow, are probably one of the most interesting beef cuts and perfect for slow cooking.

One of our favorite cuts of cow is the cheeks. Beef cheeks are an often overlooked piece of meat that many top chefs utilize in their restaurants. One of the most forgiving cuts when cooked slowly and a simple piece of meat that will change your pot roast game for the better. The recipe below shows you how.